سفارش حضرت علی (ع) درمورد به دست آوردن مکارم اخلاق

سفارش حضرت علی (ع) درمورد به دست آوردن مکارم اخلاق

اخلاق,سخنان امام علی ع درباره اخلاق,مکارم اخلاق امام علی ع: بهترین مکارم اخلاق، ایثار است

 

سفارش امام علی(ع) درباره به دست آوردن مکارم اخلاق
مساله اخلاق و تهذیب نفس، در اسلام از اهمیت بسیار بالایی برخوردار است، بطوری که از اهداف نزول قرآن کریم تربیت اخلاقی، تهذیب انسان و رشد و هدایت جامعه است و خصلت‌های اخلاقی را ملاک ارزش انسان می‌داند.

امام علی(ع) در سفارشی برای به دست آوردن مکارم اخلاق می‌فرمایند: “بر شما باد به تحصیل مکارم اخلاق، که آن، مایه رفعت و سربلندی است؛ و دوری کنید از خوی‌های پست، که آن، انسان‌های شریف را پست می‏‌کند و مجد و بزرگواری را از بین می‏‌برد۱”.

از ایشان درباره مکارم الاخلاق سوال شد، فرمودند: ” گذشت از کسی که به تو ظلم کرده، رابطه با کسی که با تو قطع رابطه کرده، عطا به آن کس که از تو دریغ داشته است و گفتن حق اگر چه بر ضد خودت باشد۲″.

آن حضرت همچنین فرمودند: “در راه کسب مکارم اخلاق پشتکار و پایداری ورزید۳”.

در پای درس مولای متقیان از بهترین مکارم اخلاق سوال می‌کنیم، ایشان می‌فرمایند: “بهترین مکارم اخلاق، ایثار است۴”.

اسوه و الگوی اخلاقی ما همچنین فرمودند: “بهترین مکارم اخلاق، گذشت توانا (از انتقام) است و بخشش کسی که خود نیازمند است۵”.

 

امام علی(ع) درباره نسبت تقوا با اخلاق دارد نیز می‌فرمایند: “تقوا رییس اخلاق است۶”.

ایشان در جایی دیگر فرمودند: “اگر هم به بهشت امید (و باور) نمی‌داشتیم و از دوزخ نمی‌هراسیدیم و پاداش و کیفری در میان نمی‌بود باز شایسته بود که در طلب مکارم اخلاق برآییم، زیرا که راه موفقیت و پیروزی در تحصیل مکارم اخلاق است۷”.

منابع:
۱- بحارالأنوار: ۷۸ / ۵۳ / ۸۹ منتخب میزان الحکمه: ۱۸۴
۲- نهج الفصاحه، ح ۷۸۱
۳- غرر الحکم: ۴۷۱۲ منتخب میزان‌الحکمه: ۱۸۴
۴- غرر الحکم: ۴۹۵۳ منتخب میزان‌الحکمه: ۱۸۴
۵- غررالحکم: ۳۱۶۵ منتخب میزان‌الحکمه: ۱۸۴
۶- نهج البلاغه: الحکمه ۴۱۰ منتخب میزان‌الحکمه: ۶۰
۷- التوحید، ص ۶۳

 

منبع: isna.ir

 

 

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