علائم افسردگی در زنان را بشناسیم

مجله تفریحی سرگرمی دخترونه

علائم افسردگی در زنان را بشناسیم

افسردگی در زنان بسیار رایج است

 

حقایقی زیادی در رابطه با افسردگی در زنان وجود دارد که ممکن است از آن بی خبر و حتی از علائم آن نیز اطلاعی نداشته باشید. به عنوان مثال در ایالات متحده آمریکا، حدود ۱۵ میلیون نفر هر سال تحت تاثیر افسردگی قرار می گیرند که اکثریت آنان را زنان تشکیل می دهند و متأسفانه تقریبا دو سوم آنها، کمک هایی را که نیاز دارند، دریافت نمی کنند. افسردگی در زنان بسیار رایج و در حقیقت شانس ابتلای زنان به افسردگی های بالینی، دو برابر مردان است.

 

بنابراین لازم است تا درباره افسردگی بیشتر بدانیم و علائم افسردگی در زنان را بشناسیم. 

 

افسردگی حقیقتا چیست؟!

افسردگی بالینی یک اختلال روانی جدی و فراگیر که باعث احساس غم و اندوه، ناامیدی، بی تفاوتی و بی ارزشی در فرد می شود. افسردگی در حالت خفیف تا متوسط با علائمی مثل بی حوصلگی، کم اشتهایی، کم خوابی، اعتماد به نفس پایین و خستگی می تواند همراه باشد. اما در برخی موارد حادتر است.

 

علائم افسردگی در زنان کدامند؟

 

این علائم عبارتند از  

ناراحتی مداوم و پایدار، اضطراب، احساس پوچی

از دست دادن علاقه یا لذت بردن از فعالیت ها، از جمله رابطه جنسی

بی حالی، تحریک پذیری یا گریه بیش از حد

احساس گناه، بی ارزش بودن، بی تفاوتی، ناامیدی، بدبینی

خواب زیاد یا خواب خیلی کم

کم اشتهایی یا پراشتهایی و به دنبال آن کاهش یا افزایش وزن

کاهش انرژی، خستگی، کمرنگ شدن احساسات

افکار مرگ یا خودکشی، در موارد حاد تلاش برای خودکشی

دشواری در تمرکز، یادآوری یا تصمیم گیری

علائم فیزیکی پایدار که به درمان پاسخ نمی دهند: مانند سردرد، اختلالات گوارشی و درد مزمن

 

شانس ابتلای زنان به افسردگی های بالینی، دو برابر مردان است

 

چرا افسردگی در زنان بیشتر از افسردگی در مردان است؟

قبل از نوجوانی، افسردگی در موارد بسیار کمی دیده می شود و میزان آن در دختران و پسران تقریبا مشابه است. با این وجود، با شروع  سن بلوغ، خطر ابتلا به افسردگی در دختران به طور چشمگیری افزایش یافته و به دو برابر پسران می رسد. بعضی از کارشناسان معتقدند که افزایش احتمال افسردگی در بانوان ممکن است به تغییرات هورمونی مربوط باشد. این تغییرات در دوران بلوغ، بارداری، یائسگی و همچنین پس از زایمان یا سقط جنین، مشهود است. علاوه بر این، نوسانات هورمونی که با چرخه قاعدگی هر ماه رخ می دهد، احتمالا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی یا PMS و اختلال افسردگی قبل از قاعدگی یا PMDD (یک سندرم شدید ناشی از افسردگی، اضطراب و تغییرات خلقی که هفته قبل از قاعدگی رخ می دهد و باعث اختلال در عملکرد طبیعی زندگی روزمره می شود) کمک می کند.

  

افسردگی در زنان چگونه درمان می شود؟

روش های گوناگونی برای درمان افسردگی مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد؛ از جمله استفاده از داروهایی نظیر داروهای ضد افسردگی، تکنیک های تحریک مغزی مانند ECT و روان درمانی های فردی و بعضا گروهی.

 

این خدمات در بیمارستان های خصوصی یا دولتی، کلینینک ها و مطب های پزشکان روان درمانگر در دسترس است.

 

در طی روند درمان شخص مبتلا به افسردگی، خانواده و اطرافیان وی نقش بسیار موثری در روند بهبود او اجرا می کنند.

 

منبع: بانوی شهر

 

مجلهتفریحیسرگرمیدخترونه

۶۹ دیدگاه
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